Drifting on currents of air and gravity above Norway.
Photo courtesy Wikimedia Commons.
"that the quantum mechanical wavelength of light becomes important and smears out colors that would be created by larger rainbow water drops acting like small prisms reflecting sunlight with the best angle to divert sunlight to the observer."
Brown algae of the Laminariales (kelps) are the strongest accumulators of iodine among living organisms. They represent a major pump in the global biogeochemical cycle of iodine and, in particular, the major source of iodocarbons in the coastal atmosphere. Nevertheless, the chemical state and biological significance of accumulated iodine have remained unknown to this date. Using x-ray absorption spectroscopy, we show that the accumulated form is iodide, which readily scavenges a variety of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We propose here that its biological role is that of an inorganic antioxidant, the first to be described in a living system. Upon oxidative stress, iodide is effluxed. On the thallus surface and in the apoplast, iodide detoxifies both aqueous oxidants and ozone, the latter resulting in the release of high levels of molecular iodine and the consequent formation of hygroscopic iodine oxides leading to particles, which are precursors to cloud condensation nuclei. In a complementary set of experiments using a heterologous system, iodide was found to effectively scavenge ROS in human blood cells.
There were bees about. From the start I thoughtThe day was apt to hurt. There is a highHill of sand behind the sea and the kidsWere dropping from the top of it like schoolsOf fish over falls, cracking skulls on skulls.I knew the holiday was hot. I sawThe August sun teeming in the bodiesLogged along the beach and felt the yearningIn the brightly covered parts turning eachTo each. For lunch I bit the olive meat:A yellow jacket stung me on the tongue.I knelt to spoon and suck the healing sea ...A little girl was digging up canalsWith her toes, her arm hanging in a castAs white as the belly of a dead fishWhose dead eye looked at her with me, as sheOpened her grotesque system to the sea ...I walked away; now quietly I heardA child moaning from a low mound of sand,Abandoned by his friend. The child was tricked,Trapped upon his knees in a shallow pit.(The older ones will say you can get out.)I dug him up. His legs would not unbend.I lifted him and held him in my armsAs he wept. Oh I was gnarled as a witchOr warlock by his naked weight, was slowedIn the sand to a thief’s gait. When his strengthFlowed, he ran, and I rested by the sea ...A girl was there. I saw her drop her hair,Let it fall from the doffed cap to her breastsTanned and swollen over wine red woolen.A boy, his body blackened by the sun,Rose out of the sand stripping down his limbsWith graceful hands. He took his gear and walkedToward the girl in the brown hair and wineAnd then past me; he brushed her with the soft,Brilliant monster he lugged into the sea ...By this tide I raised a small cairn of stoneLight and smooth and clean, and cast the shadowOf a stick in a perfect line alongThe sand. My own shadow followed then, untilI felt the cold swirling at the groin.
Flying fish about a week old and already growing wings, but not flying yet.
One of my favorite baby fish. They could fly at 2 weeks old, but they flew into the tank sides and stuck there.
The ‘flying’ fish Exocoetoides minor, fossilized in Lebanese Cretaceous rock. This rock is alleged by evolutionists to be around 100 million years old. The fossils indicate that flying fish have always been flying fish.
The flying fish (family Exocoetidae) is an exceptional marine flying vertebrate, utilizing the advantages of moving in two different media, i.e. swimming in water and flying in air. Despite some physical limitations by moving in both water and air, the flying fish has evolved to have good aerodynamic designs (such as the hypertrophied fins and cylindrical body with a ventrally flattened surface) for proficient gliding flight. Hence, the morphological and behavioral adaptations of flying fish to aerial locomotion have attracted great interest from various fields including biology and aerodynamics. Several aspects of the flight of flying fish have been determined or conjectured from previous field observations and measurements of morphometric parameters. However, the detailed measurement of wing performance associated with its morphometry for identifying the characteristics of flight in flying fish has not been performed yet. Therefore, in the present study, we directly measure the aerodynamic forces and moment on darkedged-wing flying fish (Cypselurus hiraii) models and correlated them with morphological characteristics of wing (fin). The model configurations considered are: (1) both the pectoral and pelvic fins spread out, (2) only the pectoral fins spread with the pelvic fins folded, and (3) both fins folded. The role of the pelvic fins was found to increase the lift force and lift-to-drag ratio, which is confirmed by the jet-like flow structure existing between the pectoral and pelvic fins. With both the pectoral and pelvic fins spread, the longitudinal static stability is also more enhanced than that with the pelvic fins folded. For cases 1 and 2, the lift-to-drag ratio was maximum at attack angles of around 0 deg, where the attack angle is the angle between the longitudinal body axis and the flying direction. The lift coefficient is largest at attack angles around 30~35 deg, at which the flying fish is observed to emerge from the sea surface. From glide polar, we find that the gliding performance of flying fish is comparable to those of bird wings such as the hawk, petrel and wood duck. However, the induced drag by strong wing-tip vortices is one of the dominant drag components. Finally, we examine ground effect on the aerodynamic forces of the gliding flying fish and find that the flying fish achieves the reduction of drag and increase of lift-to-drag ratio by flying close to the sea surface.
18 May 2010: At ODP 889 (1256m [4,120 ft] below the sea surface), we happened upon an abandoned rice cooker or crock-pot and screwdriver upon which sat a large crab. The ROPOS pilot carefully opened the lid. Inside, we discovered a mother octopus with her brood of eggs! Collaborating scientist suggested adopting this creature as the Bubbly Gulch mascot. We're calling her "Kraki."
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Much of the krill caught is destined not for consumer purchase but for fishmeal, to feed factory-farmed fish, pigs and chickens. We propose that any fishery undertaken for fishmeal should not be viewed as responsible or sustainable, and should not qualify for MSC certification. At present, the MSC assessment rules do not consider the end-use of a product.
The MSC can still fulfil its promise to represent—as it claims, "the best environmental choice—if it undergoes major reform. If it does not change, there are better, more effective ways to spend £8 million [$12.3 million], such as lobbying to eliminate harmful fisheries subsidies, or creating marine protected areas. These steps would do more to help the oceans.