Iridescent Ctenophores from Parafilms on Vimeo.
You can see more of Parafilms' seriously cool interactive videos and photos at their site, PlanktonChronicles.org.
Ctenophore photo credits, top to bottom:
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
|Big Sur coast, California. Credit: Calilover via Wikimedia Commons.|
|Temperate North Pacific realm, and the 16 MEOW ecoregions included in this paper. Credit: Meredith C. Payne, et al. PLOS. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0030105|
|Cape Promontory, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Credit: USFWS via Wikimedia Commons.|
[I]t is possible to speculate which ecoregions might be most susceptible to temperature increases, assuming that, in general, organisms living in areas with smaller temperature variations would be more susceptible to temperature increases.
|Kelp, California. Credit: NOAA via Flickr.|
This speculation needs to be evaluated both by comparing the actual temperature ranges of organisms from field surveys and by evaluating temperature tolerances with experimental studies. Nonetheless, we suggest that analyses of existing temperature regimes can provide insights into what organisms and regions will be at the greatest risk from this aspect of climate change.
|Greenland melt map by NOAA’s climate.gov team, based on NASA satellite data processed by Jason Box, Byrd Polar Research Center, the Ohio State University.|
The map above shows the difference between the amount of sunlight Greenland reflected in the summer of 2011 versus the average percent it reflected between 2000 to 2006. Virtually the entire ice sheet shows some change, with some areas reflecting close to 20 percent less light than a decade ago.
|Melting atop the Greenland ice sheet. Image via The Big Picture.|
|Greenland glacier. Credit: Ville Miettinen via Wikimedia Commons.|
|Smaller, colder snow crystals, left. Warmed ice crystals, right. Credit: NASA Earth Observatory.|
|Greenland glacier from the air. Credit: Mila Zinkova via Wikimedia Commons.|
|Ship wake. Credit: Yosemite James via Flickr.|
|Offshore wind farm wakes. Via.|
|South Georgia Island cloud wake. Credit: NASA.|
|Island wakes, Canary Islands. Via Flickr.|
|Aircraft turbulence wake. Via.|
|Ship track wakes in the clouds, North Pacific. Credit: NASA.|
|Comet wake. Credit: NASA via.|
|Bioluminescent dolphin wakes. Credit: Ammonite via National Geographic.|
|Icebreaker wake. Via.|
|Iceberg wake. Via Wikimedia Commons.|
|Crabeater seal wakes, Southern Ocean. Credit: Steve Nicol via.|
|Penguin wake. Via.|
|Ship bow-wake with bow-riding dolphins. Via.|
|Von Karman vortices, Aletian Islands. Credit: USGS.|
|Sea turtle wake. Credit: Rosa Say via Flickr.|
|Sea turtle wake. Via RedBubble.|
|Surf wake. Via.|